Building a Network
Cellular networks are built using a combination of technologies, including base stations, cell towers, and backhaul.
Base stations, also known as cell sites, are the physical locations where wireless signals are transmitted and received. These are typically located on tall structures such as towers or buildings, and they contain the radio equipment needed to connect devices to the network.
Cell towers are the tall structures that hold the base stations, antennas, and other equipment needed to provide wireless coverage over a wide area. They are strategically placed to provide coverage to a specific area.
Backhaul is the connection that links the base stations to the core network. It can be done using various technologies such as fiber, microwave, and satellite. This allows for the transfer of data between different parts of the network, such as base stations and data centers.
5G and Small Cells
Building wireless networks with 5G small cells involves deploying a large number of small, low-power base stations, also known as small cells, in densely populated areas to provide coverage and capacity. These small cells are typically mounted on street furniture such as lamp posts, buildings, and other structures, and they use the 5G (fifth generation) cellular technology standard to provide wireless connectivity.
5G small cells are designed to be used in conjunction with traditional macrocell base stations, which are larger and provide coverage over a wider area. By using a combination of macrocells and small cells, network operators can provide high-speed, low-latency connectivity to users in densely populated areas.
Point to Point and Multipoint Networks
Building point-to-point (PTP) and point-to-multipoint (PTMP) networks involves deploying wireless access points (APs) and antennas to provide wireless connectivity to devices.
PTP networks are used to connect two locations wirelessly. They use a pair of directional antennas, one at each location, to establish a direct wireless link between the two locations. This type of network is typically used to connect two buildings, or to provide wireless backhaul for a cellular network.
On the other hand, PTMP networks connect multiple devices to a single access point. This is done by using a series of antennas that are strategically placed to provide coverage over a wide area. These networks are typically used for providing wireless coverage in large areas such as a campus, a city, or a rural area.
Building a Network?
Here’s a guide to helping you get started with different types of wireless networks.